Dr. Daniel Yanni uses key-hole incisions during surgery to reduce pain and recovery time for patients
December 01, 2012
UC Irvine's Dr. Daniel Yanni was a teenager in a high school anatomy and physiology class when he decided to become a neurosurgeon.
Fascinated by the spine and brain, he majored in neuroscience at UCLA and studied neural stem cell research for his honors thesis.
“I was impressed by the anatomy and wiring in the brain and spine—how electrical signals are translated into motion, sensation, memories and speech,” says Yanni, who graduated summa cum laude with departmental honors. By the time he arrived at UC San Diego’s School of Medicine, he was the rare medical student who knew exactly which specialty he wanted to pursue.
“I still remember being interviewed by the vice chair of neurosurgery for medical school admission,” says Yanni. “He asked me, ‘Where do you see yourself in 10 years?’ I said, ‘Where you are—academic neurosurgery.’ ”
Right on schedule, Yanni joined UCI Health as a faculty member of the university’s Department of Neurological Surgery and is developing a minimally invasive neurosurgery spine program at UC Irvine Medical Center, Orange County’s only university hospital. He also is surgical director of the UCI Health neurosciences intensive care unit.
Yanni began concentrating on spinal disorders early in his residency, a focus that continued through intensive neurosurgery residency and fellowship training. Under the tutelage of Dr. Robert F. Heary and Dr. Noel I. Perin, two of the foremost experts in the field, he learned the intricacies of spine and spinal tumor surgery, including neurophysiological monitoring, minimally invasive, complex, revision, deformity, endoscopic and thoracoscopic surgical techniques.
At UC Irvine, Yanni performs spine surgery through key-hole sized incisions, a minimally invasive procedure that allows patients to be released within hours or days and return to work within weeks. Traditional open surgery typically involves longer recovery and rehabilitation times.
Surgery for thoracic spine disease, for example, has traditionally been performed with a midline or side incision through the chest wall. “Now we’re able to access the spine through small incisions in the side and employ endoscopes, tubular retractors and a microscope to perform the same surgical procedure,” says Yanni. The result: less blood loss, reduced post-operative pain, shorter hospital stays and a quicker recovery.
“These are very big procedures that used to require very long hospitalizations,” says Yanni. “Now, with minimally invasive techniques, we can get patients out of the hospital in just a few days.”
In addition to using minimally invasive procedures to perform a variety of spinal surgeries, Yanni also performs traditional open surgery for some complex cases.
“My job is to tailor the treatment to each patient’s unique needs,” he says. “The goal is to take a whole-person approach to treating patients with spinal disorders and to get them back on their feet as quickly—and painlessly—as possible.”
Learn more about Dr. Yanni »